Sleep deprivation affects a large number of people. Below are the top seven sleep disorders. Seek out a specialist if you experience any of the above symptoms. Learn more about parasomnias. Read our articles about narcolepsy. Restless Legs Syndrome and obstructive or sleep apnea. Find out more about each.
While not being able to pinpoint the exact cause, parasomnias are often associate with other sleep disorders. Insomnia sufferers who have sleep apnea frequently speak in their sleep. Parasomnias are also possible in people with restless-leg syndrome (RLS). Many studies have found that parasomnias are cause by genetic factors. The following are signs and symptoms of parasomnia:
Confusional awakenings can happen during sleep, causing people to become confused and act in unusual ways. Parasomnias aren’t cause by sleepwalking. They can be quite frightening to those around them. This happens multiple times during one sleep cycle. Sleep talking, although not an illness, is something that can be treat. Parasomnias, while generally not serious, are a sign of another condition.
The disease alters the human body’s circadian rhythm, or the process of sleeping. This can cause a sudden loss of consciousness. Narcolepsy patients might have frequent sleep episodes. Each episode can last from two to four hours. In turn, they might experience attention problems and may fall asleep more often. Narcolepsy patients may have brief naps that give them a feeling of refreshment, but they can quickly become tired. Waklert 150 is a medicine that treats sleep apnea or narcolepsy.
An individual suffering from narcolepsy could experience a sudden loss of voluntary muscle tone (cataplexy). Cataplexy occurs when a person suffers from a severe emotional reaction that triggers a complete or partial loss of muscle tone. Cataplexy symptoms are a condition that can lead to muscle weakness. These symptoms can be severe and range from numbness in the eyes to complete muscle paralysis.
Restless Legs Syndrome
It is a neurological condition where the uncontrollable urges to move your legs while sitting or lying down cause restless leg syndrome. This condition cannot be treat as a medical emergency. However, it can be disruptive and persistent and can have a negative impact on your work, life, and family. It is more common among middle-aged adults and women. You can treat restless legs syndrome by taking medication or making lifestyle changes.
A consultation with a sleep doctor is the best way for restless legs to be diagnosed. The consultation will involve questions about your past medical history. For example, whether you have taken medication. The doctor may also ask that you keep a log of your sleeping habits for two weeks to pinpoint the root cause of your restless legs. A doctor might order blood tests to determine if it is sleep-related.
Obstructive sleep apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea, also known as OSA, is a common disorder where breathing stops repeatedly during the night. Due to this, the airway narrows and the patient experiences frequent pauses in breathing. A blocked airway in your sleep can lead to carbon dioxide buildup. Daytime sleepiness can include impaired attention, depression, sexual dysfunction, increased risk of motor vehicle accidents, and even worsening of mood swings. OSA can also lead to high blood pressure, heart disease, and other complications. Artvigil 150 is a wakefulness-promoting medication used to treat excessive drowsiness in patients with obstructive sleep apnea, narcolepsy, and shift work sleep disorder.
Your doctor will do a sleep test to check your heart, lungs, and neurology. If they are all normal, then you will be free of OSA. Sometimes you might not even notice any symptoms. OSA may cause weight gain and excessive daytime sleeping. A doctor will prescribe a special machine that keeps your airway open throughout the night. A continuous positive airway pressurization machine will blow air through a mask placed over your face while you are sleeping. Or you can choose a mouthpiece that will hold your jaw forward.
REM sleep behaviour is linked to a variety of disorders.
People with REM (remote sleep behavior disorder) often have nightmare-like experiences during sleep. These movements, which may appear small but are nonetheless purposeful, can range from simple hand gestures to more violent thrashing and punching. They may also make noises, including shouts and vocalizations. Rarely, patients may be injured by hitting their bed partner or jumping out of bed. These episodes can last as little as a few seconds or up to several hours or even days.
REM sleep behavior disorder usually occurs in the REM stages of sleep. It is typically diagnosed after approximately 90 minutes. In severe cases, the condition can cause distress and impairment in functioning. People with REM sleep behaviour disorder may even injure or kill their partners. These episodes can lead both to isolation and social problems. Despite being disturbed at night, two thirds of couples suffering from REM sleep behavior disorder (or REM) continue to be together.